In May 2022 the Council will introduce a new green recycling bin, in addition to your existing blue bin.
The new green bin will help to reduce contamination in recycling by separating paper and card from other mixed dry recycling. Watch the video below for more information on the new service.
The new 240l green bin will collect plastics, cartons, tins and cans. Once green bins are in place, only paper and card will be placed in the blue bin.
Your recycling collections will still take place every two weeks but now the colour of bin will rotate, for example grey, blue, grey, green etc.
Residents will automatically receive their new green bins, an information pack, a calendar and a letter which will provide all the information and collection dates needed to get started with the new service.
Information is detailed below on what will go in your green bin.
On your day of collection, please place your bin on the kerbside with the lid closed by 7am Monday to Saturday.
Unfortunately, we cannot take anything that is not in the bin. It is vital that all items are in the bin with the lid shut.
What can I put in my green bin?
Please Note: The use of face coverings and gloves may remain part of our daily life for a little while. Any disposable protective equipment (face coverings, gloves etc) used outside a medical setting should please be discarded in the grey bin and not placed in the recycling. These items are not recyclable and it is impossible to tell whether they are infected or not once they appear at recycling facilities - causing unnecessary alarm. Check out our Recycling Activities page to see how to make your own reusable face coverings from recycled materials at home.
e.g. Plastic drinks, detergent and shampoo bottles. Lightly rinse and squash them to save space. Tip: Remove the lids and put them in the green bin too. You can recycle clear and coloured plastic.
e.g. lids from plastics bottles, margarine tubs, ice cream tubs and coffee jars. Remove lids and put them in the green bin.
Tip: Make sure aerosol cans are as empty as possible and that foil and cans are not contaminated by food waste. You don't need to remove labels. Put the lids in the green bin too.
e.g. juice, soup, custard and smoothie cartons. Tip: Flatten to save space and remove lids and put them in the green bin too.
e.g. Yoghurt and pudding pots, noodle pots, ready-made soup and pasta pots.
e.g. Ice cream, margarine tubs, ready meal tubs. Tip: Take the lids off and put them in the green bin too.
e.g. ready meal and microwave food trays, fruit punnets, biscuit trays Tip: Rinse to make sure they are not contaminated by food waste.
e.g. Clean carrier bags, bread bags, pre-packed vegetable bags, cereal and pasta bags. Tip: Please don't put anything inside plastic bags, it prevents them being separated at the recycling facility.
Please be aware that tissues, kitchen roll and paper towels cannot be recycled and should not be placed in the green bin. These should go in your grey bin.
Food waste spreads through the load when compressed in the collection vehicle, so recycling becomes wet and dirty and can be rejected by the recycling facility or manufacturers This is our biggest problem with contamination.
Wet materials spread through the load when compressed in the collection vehicle, so the whole load can be rejected by the recycling facility or manufacturers
Glass is usually broken by being compacted in the back of the collection vehicle and spreads when deposited at the recycling facility. It can then hurt the staff that sort the materials on the manual picking lines and it also contaminates recycling, which means that it can be rejected by the manufacturers.
At the materials recycling Facility green bin material is spread out by a low level bar as it goes onto the conveyor belts for mechanical, then manual sorting lines. If material is inside plastic bags it prevents it being separated for recycling. In addition unfortunately plastic bags often contain material like food waste, pet waste and general waste, which if opened spread across the conveyor belt, causing the whole process line to be stopped and cleaned, causing delays and increasing processing costs.
Clothing, textiles and shoes cannot be accepted in the green bin. They also absorb any food and moisture when mixed with the load in the back of the collection vehicle and become soiled and unusable. They also cause operational problem at the recycling facility as they wrap round the wheel of the conveyor belts at the recycling facility, which have to be stopped and cut out.
The recycling facility is not designed to capture this material.
Potential to damage sorting equipment and recycling facility is not designed to capture this material.
Waste electrical equipment cannot be processed at our green bin recycling facility and those with batteries can also cause fires in our collection vehicles. We have a separate company who collect and recycle this waste from our recycling centres, therefore please take any small electrical items to one of our five Community Recycling Centres.
Batteries have the potential to cause fires in our collection vehicles or recycling facilities. Please take all batteries including household batteries, rechargeable batteries, lithium ion batteries and car batteries to one of our five Community Recycling Centres.
Plant pots and trays may adversely affect future recycling contracts and Zero Waste Scotland's Household Recycling Charter suggests plants pots are 'unacceptable' in plastic collections at present.
Like food waste, cooking oil and fat can spread through the load in the bin lorry and contaminate other clean recycling. Cooking oil can be recycled, just not in your green bin or at our recycling centres, instead please check Zero Waste Scotland - What to do with cooking oil and fat? for more information on how to dispose of and recycle your waste cooking oil, or alternatively pour cooled cooking oil into a sealed bag or plastic container and place in your grey bin.
Top tips for green bins:
- Everything must be clean and dry - wet and dirty materials such as food and drinks wastes, nappies and pet wastes spread through the whole load and mean it can rejected and landfilled.
- If your green bin contains items in black bin bags or bin liners it will not be collected.
- Please try not to compact the material in your bin, this can result in your bin being half emptied on collection day. If your bin is not fully emptied due to the material being compacted, or frozen together in winter months, it is your responsibility to loosen the material ready for your next scheduled collection. No additional collection will be provided for half emptied bins.
- Due to health and safety of our staff, please ensure that your bin is not too heavy as this can result in the bin lip snapping when lifted onto the lorry. If your bin is deemed to be too heavy by our crew it will not be emptied and it is your responsibility to ensure items are removed so that the bin can be emptied on the next collection day. No additional collections will be provided for bins which are considered to be too heavy.
Frequently Asked Questions
You will still receive a recycling collection every two weeks, but the colour of bin rotate, for example grey, blue, grey, green etc. There will be no change to your brown bin collections.
The new green bin will be used to recycle empty, clean and dry plastics, cartons, tins and cans. For example:
- Empty aerosols
- Clean tinfoil
- Empty plastic bags e.g. carrier bags, bread or vegetable bags
- Empty and clean plastic bottles e.g. shampoo, detergent or drinks bottles
- Empty and clean plastic trays e.g. from microwave meals, fruit punnets or biscuits
- Empty and clean plastic tubs e.g. margarine or ice cream tubs
- Empty and clean plastic pots e.g. yoghurt pots, pudding pots, noodle and soup pots.
- Empty and clean cans e.g. drinks cans.
- Empty and clean tins e.g. soup, beans, tuna etc.
Top Tip: Please ensure all material is rinsed out and dry before going in the green bin.
Your blue bin will only be used for clean and dry paper and cardboard and non-laminated paper, such as:
- Junk mail
- Cereal boxes
- Kitchen and toilet roll tubes
- Cardboard egg cartons
- Envelopes (including those with windows)
- Cardboard boxes (including corrugated card).
The new bins will be delivered throughout May and June 2022. Once you receive your bin you can start using it right away. Remember to check your calendar to see when your first green bin collection will be, you can download your calendar and sign up for email reminders on our Bin Collection Calendar Dates page.
Bins are being delivered in phases from 9th May- 26th June. Our contractors will be delivering a set amount of bins each day. This may mean that some people on your road receive a bin one day but you might not. Don't worry if this happens, you will receive your bin at a later date. Your bin should be delivered before your first green bin collection, therefore please check your calendar and if you haven't received your bin before your first collection contact us on 01506 280000.
Grey and brown bin collections will remain the same for the majority of households and continue to be collected on the same day. However, your blue bin collection will change slightly and will now be collected once every four weeks. Some flats are changing blue/grey bin collection dates and will be informed of any changes by letter and will also receive a new collection calendar.
Yes, if you are already on the take out list and have our crews collect your bin from your property then this will automatically continue with the new green bin.
To reduce the level of contamination in the recycling material which will in turn save money and can then be spent on other services.
Contamination is any material or substance present in the bin which shouldn't be there, for example nappies or glass in the blue bin. Food and liquid contamination are the main issues we face when dealing with recycling in West Lothian as when products like half full juice bottles, yoghurt pots which haven't been rinsed, dirty tins or full milk cartons are collected and compacted in the bin lorry the food and liquid can spread over even more material. There is no way of cleaning material at our recycling facility (Biffa) therefore if material arrives which is too contaminated it cannot be processed for recycling. This is particularly problematic when paper and card is mixed with food contamination as this soaks up more of the liquid and cannot be separated for recycling.
At the moment around 83% of the blue bin material in West Lothian is contaminated, which can include food waste, liquids, dirty nappies, used tissues, unrinsed food packaging, glass, clothes, etc. This means that the material can't be recycled and ends up as landfill or energy from waste. It costs the Council more money to dispose of landfill material than it does to dispose of recycling material, if that recycling is clean and dry. This is why ask that all material in the blue and new green bin is clean and dry before going in the bin, meaning we can simultaneously save waste from landfill and save money which can be spent on other essential Council services - it's a win win!
By separating recycling material further into a bin for paper and card and a bin for plastics, tins and cans this will aim to reduce the level of contamination in the bins. As mentioned above, food contamination can spread over lots of material when compacted in the bin lorry and this is even more problematic when mixed with paper and card which soaks up this food and liquid. By separating the material we are aiming to achieve higher quality recycling, particularly higher quality paper and card, which in turn will reduce how much we spend on contaminated loads going to landfill. The money saved can then be better spent elsewhere on other essential services.
Material is separated at the recycling facility by hand sorting when it arrives therefore some contamination can be removed, such as bulky items like full carrier bags. However there is no way of cleaning the material which is contaminated by food or liquid, mainly because the damage has already been done when the food/liquid has been spread over the material in the bin lorry. The paper and cardboard soak up this liquid and food which cannot then be cleaned. However, if each household rinses their containers before they are collected in the lorry this will reduce the likelihood of contamination.
As mentioned, contamination in the blue bin costs the Council a lot of money to dispose of, particularly if it is landfilled. At the moment the Council use Biffa to sort their blue bin recycling and the more contamination in the blue bin, the more the Council is charged for this. Therefore by separating material and having a higher quality recyclate, we hope to reduce the level of contamination and therefore reduce the disposal cost, saving the Council money which can then be spent on other local services. Not to mention the environmental cost of landfill/incineration - reducing waste and recycling is much better for the environment.
The Council has been successful in a funding application with Zero Waste Scotland to fund the one-off project for the supply and delivery of new bins for over 83,000 homes.
The Council does a lot to try and educate residents about the importance of waste reduction and recycling. The Waste Education and Engagement team visit schools and community groups regularly to promote the 3 R's, Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. They can provide presentations to discuss what should go in each of the bins both at school and at home. The team also have lots of fun games and activities for all age groups (including adults!) to provide information about what should go in the bins and how our material is recycled.
The team also arrange a variety of events throughout the year to promote reuse including clothes swaps (Swish events) and reuse homes, while also being available to discuss any queries householders have about their recycling.
In addition to all of these fun activities we also have literature in the form leaflets and bins stickers available should householders wish to read up on recycling and ways to reduce contamination. Please also keep an eye out on our Household Recycling and Waste page on the website and social media for lots of up to date information about your household bins and how, where and what to recycle. We have a variety of pages with hints and tips on our website to help you understand recycling and avoid contamination, as well as reducing how much waste you produce. Check out the Waste Education for Schools and the Community and Reduce, Reuse, Recycle pages on the website for more info!
If you are interested in receiving more information about recycling or waste education materials or would like our Waste Education team to visit your school or community group please complete the online form available on the website: Enquire about Waste Education Resources.
Yes, many other council's in Scotland use a twin bin system to collect their recycling, such as Falkirk, South Lanarkshire and Fife and it has proved to be very successful in increasing recycling rates and reducing contamination.
No, householders cannot have a larger/additional black bin instead of the new green bin in order to dispose of their waste. The purpose behind the smaller grey bin is to encourage residents to recycle more waste and make use of their recycling bins by reducing the landfill waste capacity available at the kerbside. Should householders have any additional landfill waste this can be disposed of at their local Community Recycling Centre..
If households have medical needs which require an additional bin this should be arranged through your District Nurse.
If households have a large family which requires additional grey bin capacity you can apply for an additional grey bin using the Request for an additional grey bin form on the website.
The new bins should be stored within your property and not left out on the street unless it is on their scheduled collection day. For flatted properties it is the responsibility of the factors to ensure that there is sufficient storage for the bins to avoid bins being abandoned on the street and blocking access paths.
While the Council appreciates that residents have requested kerbside glass recycling unfortunately there are no plans to implement this system at the moment. Glass recycling is available at all of our CRC's and at various locations throughout the county and we would encourage residents, where possible, to utilise these collections which will also help to save space in your grey bin.
Glass recycling locations can be found on the Glass Recycling webpage.
Yes, while we all need to take responsibility for our own waste and ensure that it is disposed of in a sustainable manner, retailers and businesses should also take some responsibility for the packaging they produce. There are various changes to legislation and new initiatives which have already seen progress in reducing packaging by encouraging businesses to sign up to voluntary initiatives.
For example, the UK Plastics Pact aims to reduce the amount of plastic packaging on supermarket shelves and create a circular economy by ensuring plastic waste does not end up in our seas and countryside. You can find out more information and which companies have agreed to sign up to the initiative on the WRAP website: WRAP UK Plastics Pact.
The Courtauld Commitment is a voluntary agreement which brings together organisations across the food system to make food & drink production and consumption more sustainable. You can find further information on this, including which companies have signed up to the initiative, on the WRAP website: WRAP Courtauld Commitment.
The Scottish Government have also passed legislation which will come into practice throughout Scotland in July 2023 for a Deposit Return Scheme on all drinks sold in glass, metal or PET plastic containers. Under this scheme all retailers who sell products in these containers must provide a return point where customers can get their deposit of 20p back for each container. The aim is to encourage both manufacturers and retailers to provide sustainable packaging and ways for consumers to sustainably dispose of the packaging after use, but also to encourage local residents to do the right thing by the environment and return their packaging. Again this scheme will promote a circular economy for our packaging to ensure the valuable resources remain in the system in a sustainable manner and are not wasted in our oceans and local environment .
Unfortunately, we are not able to provide different sizes of bins because we don't have the space for the additional storage. We have to order a significant number of bins in the size we require in order to make the cost achievable for us. The number of smaller size blue and green bins we would need to order for a limited number of households would be prohibitive and our funding is limited.
You can ask us to remove the green bin after it has been delivered. If you are going to do this we would suggest that you think about which materials you produce the most of and ask us to remove the bin which you have least need for.
Going forward the blue bins will be used only for paper and card and the new green bins will be used for clean, empty and dry containers including plastic bottles, tins and cans, cartons (such as those used for soup and juice). Please note that if you ask us to remove one of the bins and contaminate the other bin (i.e. if you have a blue bin and put cans in it) we will not empty it.
Another option is to ask a neighbour if they would be willing to share bins so that one of you keeps the blue bin and one keeps the green bin on their property.
Under the current legislation (Environmental Protection Act 1990 s.46)
'The waste collection authority may, by notice, require an occupier to place the waste for collection in receptacles of a specified kind and number.'
This is why West Lothian Council, as the waste collection authority, is not required to carry out a consultation process regarding the introduction of the green bins.
We understand that the new recycling system may not be convenient for everyone but we have endeavoured to provide the most appropriate service to reduce contamination, environmental impact and waste disposal costs in order to benefit everyone.